Vietnam Ethnic Groups and Nationalities


At present there are 54 different ethnic groups inhabiting Vietnam, in which Kinh (Viet) people make up nearly 90% of the whole population, and 53 other ethnic groups represent over 10%.

Vietnam Ethnic Groups and Nationalities

San Diu Ethnic

Vietnam is the homeland of many nationalities. All are descendants of Lac Long Quan and Au Co, hatching out of a hundred eggs, half of them following their mother to the mountain, the other half accompanying their father to the sea. 

Vietnam Ethnic Groups and Nationalities

Pa Then Ethnic

The Vietnamese nation was formed through a process of two major ancient cultures, the Chinese and the Indian. Thus a peculiar trait of Vietnam’s culture was formed. As far as anthropology is concerned the Vietnamese people have their origin in the Mongolid race.

Vietnam Ethnic Groups and Nationalities

Muong Ethnic


* 54 different ethnic groups inhabiting Vietnam can divide eight different groups by the Vietnamese language:
The Viet – Muong Group includes 4 ethnic groups: Chut, Kinh, Muong, Tho.
The Tay – Thai Group includes 8 ethnic groups: Bo Y, Giay, Lao, Lu, Nung, San Chay, Tay, Thai.
The Mon – Khmer Group includes 21 ethnic groups: Ba Na, Brau, Bru-Van Kieu, Cho Ro, Co, Co Ho, Co Tu, Gie Trieng, Hre, Khang, Khmer, Kho Mu, Ma, Mang, M’nong, O Du, Ro Mam, Ta Oi, Xinh Mun, Xo Dang,
The Mong – Dao Group includes 3 groups: Dao, Mong, Pa Then.
The Kadai Group includes 4 ethnic groups: Co Lao, La Chi, La Ha, Pu Peo.
  The Nam Dao Group includes 5 ethnic groups: Cham, Chu Ru, Ede, Gia Rai, Raglai.
The Han Group includes 3 ethnic groups: Hoa, Ngai, San Diu.
The Tang Group includes 6 ethnic groups: Cong, Ha Nhi, La Hu, Lo Lo, Phu La, Si La.

Vietnam Ethnic Groups and Nationalities

Bo Y Ethnic

In the core of the history of national development, all these groups of people have been closely attached to one another in sharing the same tasks of fighting against foreign invaders, defending the country’s territory.

Vietnam Ethnic Groups and Nationalities

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