Vietnamese architecture


Vietnamese architecture arises from the Kings Hung dynasty.Before the 10th century, villages and hamlets appeared in this period according to several tales of Linh Nam. The ancient Vietnamese used wood to build houses to protect themselves from tigers and wolves. Two kinds of houses were depicted on the bronze drums; one in the shape of a boat and the other in a shape similar to a turtle shell.

Vietnamese architecture

Kings Hung

Ly Dynasty – Vietnamese architecture
During the 11th century while a united-feudal state was developing, the Ly Dynasty initiated a new phase in architectural 


Tran Dynasty – Vietnamese architecture

Under the Tran Dynasty, the dominant architecture models were the royal palace, pagoda, house, temple, and citadel. These styles were deeply and significantly illustrated in the Binh Son Tower in Vinh Phu Province, the Pho Minh Pagoda in Nam Dinh Province, and the Thai Lac Pagoda in Hung Yen Province.

Vietnamese architecture

Pho Minh Pagoda

Le Dynasty – Vietnamese architecture
In the turn of the 15th century, under Le Dynasty, orthodox architecture had two dominant styles: the imperial palace and the royal tomb. From the 16th to 17th century, religious architecture gained a lot of popularity in architectural development.

But Thap Pagoda in Bac Ninh Province is famous for its structure and for the techniques used to build the tower and carve and paint the statues.

Vietnamese architecture

But Thap Pagoda

Nguyen Dynasty – Vietnamese architecture
The development of Bac Ha region at the beginning of the 19th century was slowed down, after the capital was moved to Hue by the Nguyen Dynasty

Vietnamese architecture

Nguyen Dynasty

Modern and Contemporary Architecture – Vietnamese architecture
At the end of the 19th century, architectural characteristics were influenced by new construction style brought by European urban planning and the interaction between French and Oriental cultures.

Vietnamese architecture

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